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    Although triazoles and tetrazole are amphoteric and may behave as weak acids, the latter property can be hugely enhanced by beryllium bonds. To explain this phenomenon, the structure and bonding characteristics of the complexes between triazoles and tetrazoles with one and two molecules of BeF2 have been investigated through the use of high-level G4 ab initio calculations. The formation of the complexes between the N basic sites of the azoles and the Be center of the BeF2 molecule and the (BeF2)2 dimer leads to a significant bonding perturbation of both interacting subunits. The main consequence of these electron density rearrangements is the above-mentioned increase in the intrinsic acidity of the azole subunit, evolving from a typical nitrogen base to a very strong nitrogenous acid. This effect is particularly dramatic when the interaction involves the (BeF2)2 dimer, that is, a Lewis acid much stronger than the monomer. Although the azoles investigated have neighboring N-basic sites, their interaction with the (BeF2)2 dimer yields a monodentate complex. However, the deprotonated species becomes extra-stabilized because a second N-Be bond is formed, leading to a new five-membered ring, with the result that the azole-(BeF2)2 complexes investigated become stronger nitrogenous acids than oxyacids such as perchloric acid.


    M Merced Montero-Campillo, Otilia Mó, Ibon Alkorta, José Elguero, Manuel Yáñez. Disrupting bonding in azoles through beryllium bonds: Unexpected coordination patterns and acidity enhancement. The Journal of chemical physics. 2022 May 21;156(19):194303

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    PMID: 35597641

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