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    Abnormal expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) is frequently linked to the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC). This work explored the function of lncRNA deleted in lymphocytic leukemia 2 (DLEU2) in CRC and the epigenetic mechanism. Candidate oncogenes in CRC were predicted using a GSE146587 dataset. DLEU2 was highly expressed in CRC according to the bioinformatic analysis and its high expression was detected in CRC cells compared to the normal colon epithelial cells (FHC). Downregulation of DLEU2 in CRC SW480 and HT29 cells suppressed viability, migration, invasiveness, and resistance to apoptosis of cells. The mRNA microarray analysis was performed to explore the key molecules mediated by DLEU2. Retinoic acid receptor beta (RARB) expression was elevated in cells after DLEU2 downregulation. The promoter methylation of RARB was enhanced in CRC cells compared to normal FHC cells. DLEU2 induced promoter methylation of RARB to downregulate its expression. Further silencing of RARB restored proliferation and invasiveness of cells blocked by sh-DLEU2. Upregulation of DLEU2 activated the mitogen activated kinase-like protein (MAPK) signaling pathway to trigger CRC progression. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that DLEU2 enhances viability and mobility of CRC cells by inducing RARB promoter methylation and activating the MAPK signaling pathway.

    Citation

    Liang Fu, Zhitao Shi, Bingxue Chen. Deleted in lymphocytic leukemia 2 induces retinoic acid receptor beta promoter methylation and mitogen activated kinase-like protein activation to enhance viability and mobility of colorectal cancer cells. Bioengineered. 2022 May;13(5):12847-12862

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    PMID: 35611845

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