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Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disease with regular spontaneous seizures associated with neuroinflammatory, autoimmune and neurodegenerative processes. Approximately 40% of patients suffer from drug-resistant epilepsy, which leads to an increased risk of premature death, injury, irreversible brain damage, psychosocial dysfunction, and reduced quality of life. Apoptosis of neurons and glial cells of the brain is of great importance in the pathogenesis of epilepsy, especially drug-resistant epilepsy. Investigation of the mechanisms of apoptosis is necessary for the creation of a new generation of neuroprotective and anticonvulsant drugs, effective, in particular, in the case of drug-resistant epilepsy. The aim of the study was to analyze the mechanisms and role of apoptosis in epileptogenesis and the development of resistance. The review considers current data on the main mechanisms of apoptosis in epilepsy, especially its drug-resistant forms.

Citation

E D Bazhanova, A A Kozlov. Mechanisms of apoptosis in drug-resistant epilepsy]. Zhurnal nevrologii i psikhiatrii imeni S.S. Korsakova. 2022;122(5):43-50

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PMID: 35611899

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