Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

The regulatory network of mitochondrial biogenesis and dynamics is vital for mitochondrial functions and cellular homeostasis. Any impairment in the mitochondrial network leads to neurodegenerative disorders. Our earlier studies suggest that environmental toxicant Bisphenol-A (BPA) exposure reduces neurogenesis by abnormal mitochondrial dynamics and mitochondrial biogenesis through impairment of mitochondrial fission factor dynamin-related protein (DRP1) and mitochondrial import protein GFER, which leads to demyelination, neurodegeneration, and cognitive deficits in the rats. In the present study, we found that chronic BPA exposure reduces PGC-1α levels (master regulator of mitochondrial biogenesis), alters mitochondrial localization of DRP1 and GFER, and reduces the number of PGC-1α/NeuN+ and PGC-1α/β-tubulin+ neurons in the rat hippocampus, suggesting reduced PGC-1α-mediated neurogenesis. Nicotinamide significantly increased PGC-1α protein levels, PGC-1α/NeuN+ co-labeled cells in BPA-treated rat hippocampus and PGC-1α/β-tubulin+ co-labeled cells in neuron culture derived from hippocampal neural stem cells. Interestingly, PGC-1α upregulation by nicotinamide also resulted in increased GFER levels and restored mitochondrial localization of GFER (increased GFER/TOMM20 co-labeled cells) in vitro and in vivo following BPA treatment. Nicotinamide also reduced DRP1 levels and prevented DRP1 mitochondrial localization in BPA-treated neuronal cultures and hippocampus, suggesting reduced mitochondrial fission. This resulted in reduced cytochrome c levels in neuronal culture and reduced hippocampal neurodegeneration (reduced caspase-3/NeuN+ co-labeled neurons) following nicotinamide treatment in BPA-treated group. Consequently, activation of PGC-1α by nicotinamide restored BPA-mediated cognitive deficits in rats. Results suggest that the treatment of nicotinamide has therapeutic potential and rescues BPA-mediated neuronal death and cognitive deficits by upregulating the PGC-1α and GFER-DRP1 link, thus balancing mitochondrial homeostasis. © 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


Shweta Goyal, Saurabh Tiwari, Brashket Seth, Phoolmala, Ankit Tandon, Rajnish Kumar Chaturvedi. Bisphenol-A Mediated Impaired DRP1-GFER Axis and Cognition Restored by PGC-1α Upregulation Through Nicotinamide in the Rat Brain Hippocampus. Molecular neurobiology. 2022 Aug;59(8):4761-4775

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 35612786

View Full Text