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    With increasing global energy consumption, oil/gas drilling has gradually expanded from conventional shallow reservoirs to deep and ultra-deep reservoirs. However, the harsh geological features including high temperature and high salinity in ultra-deep reservoirs have become a critical challenge faced by water-based drilling fluids (WDFs), which seriously deteriorate the rheology and fluid loss properties, causing drilling accidents, such as wellbore instability and formation collapse. In this study, a novel temperature- and salt-resistant micro-crosslinked polyampholyte gel was synthesized using N,N-dimethylacrylamide, diallyldimethyl ammonium chloride, 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid, maleic anhydride and chemical crosslinking agent triallylamine through free radical copolymerization. Due to the synergistic effect of covalent micro-crosslinking and the reverse polyelectrolyte effect of amphoteric polymers, the copolymer-based drilling fluids exhibit outstanding rheological and filtration properties even after aging at high temperatures (up to 200 °C) and high salinity (saturated salt) environments. In addition, the zeta potential and particle size distribution of copolymer-based drilling fluids further confirmed that the copolymer can greatly improve the stability of the base fluid suspension, which is important for reducing the fluid-loss volume of WDFs. Therefore, this work will point out a new direction for the development of temperature- and salt-resistant drilling fluid treatment agents.


    Jian Li, Jinsheng Sun, Kaihe Lv, Yuxi Ji, Jingping Liu, Xianbin Huang, Yingrui Bai, Jintang Wang, Jiafeng Jin, Shenglong Shi. Temperature- and Salt-Resistant Micro-Crosslinked Polyampholyte Gel as Fluid-Loss Additive for Water-Based Drilling Fluids. Gels (Basel, Switzerland). 2022 May 06;8(5)

    PMID: 35621586

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