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    A police lineup is a procedure in which a suspect is surrounded by known-innocent persons (fillers) and presented to the witness for an identification attempt. The purpose of a lineup is to test the investigator's hypothesis that the suspect is the culprit, and the investigator uses the witness' identification decision and the associated confidence level to inform this hypothesis. Whereas suspect identifications provide evidence of guilt, filler identifications and rejections provide evidence of innocence. Despite the capacity of lineups to provide exculpatory information, past research has focused, almost exclusively, on inculpatory behaviors. We recently developed a method for incorporating all lineup outcomes in a single receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve. The area under the full lineup ROC curve reflects the total capacity of a lineup procedure to discriminate guilty suspects from innocent suspects. Here, we introduce a Comprehensive R Archive Network (CRAN) package, fullROC, to support eyewitness researchers in using the full ROC approach to analyze lineup data. The fullROC package provides functions for adjusting identification rates, generating full ROC curves for lineup data, computing the area under the ROC curves (AUC), and statistically comparing the AUCs of different lineups. Using both simulated and empirical data, we illustrate the functionality of the fullROC CRAN package. In brief, the fullROC package provides a useful tool for eyewitness researchers to analyze lineup data using the full ROC method, which incorporates both the inculpatory and exculpatory information of eyewitness behaviors.© 2022. The Psychonomic Society, Inc.


    Yueran Yang, Andrew M Smith. fullROC: An R package for generating and analyzing eyewitness-lineup ROC curves. Behavior research methods. 2022 May 31

    PMID: 35641680

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