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Clinically silent double pituitary adenomas consisting of corticotroph and somatotroph cells are an exceedingly rare clinical finding. In this report, we present the case of a 28-year-old man with a 1-year history of recurrent headaches. Imaging revealed a 2.1 (anterior-posterior) × 2.2 (transverse) × 1.3 (craniocaudal) cm pituitary adenoma invading into the left cavernous sinus and encasing the left internal carotid artery. Endoscopic transnasal resection was performed without complications. Immunohistochemical staining revealed a double adenoma consisting of distinct sparsely granulated somatotroph and densely granulated corticotroph cells that were positive for growth hormone and adrenocorticotropic hormone, respectively. K i -67 index labeling revealed a level of 6% within the corticotroph adenoma. No increase in serum growth hormone or adrenocorticotropic hormone was found, indicating a clinically silent double adenoma. While transsphenoidal surgery remains a first-line approach for silent adenomas presenting with mass effects, increased rates of proliferative markers, such as the K i -67 index, provide useful insight into the clinical course of such tumors. Determining the K i -67 index of silent pituitary adenomas could be valuable in predicting recurrence after initial surgical resection and identifying tumors that are at an increased risk of needing additional therapeutic interventions or more frequent surveillance imaging.The Author(s). This is an open access article published by Thieme under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerivative-NonCommercial License, permitting copying and reproduction so long as the original work is given appropriate credit. Contents may not be used for commercial purposes, or adapted, remixed, transformed or built upon. ( https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ ).

Citation

Isabella L Pecorari, Lakshmi Priyanka Mahali, Abigail Funari, Roger Fecher, Nisha Suda, Vijay Agarwal. Silent Corticotroph and Somatotroph Double Pituitary Adenoma: A Case Report and Review of Literature. Journal of neurological surgery reports. 2022 Apr;83(2):e33-e38


PMID: 35646510

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