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    Previous studies have reported that hypothyroidism can lead to sick sinus syndrome (SSS) or other rhythm disturbances. Variants in the alpha subunit of the cardiac sodium channel (SCN5A) are known to be among the genetic causes of SSS. We encountered an adolescent patient with SSS and hypothyroidism who also harbored an SCN5A variant. The patient was a 13-year-old girl who was referred to our hospital because of bradycardia identified during a school electrocardiography screening. Clinical examination revealed severe hypothyroidism due to Hashimoto thyroiditis and SSS. After levothyroxine supplementation, her symptoms of hypothyroidism improved; however, the SSS did not. Genetic testing revealed a heterozygous variant (c.1066 G>A, p.Asp356Asn) in SCN5A. This is the first report of the coexistence of SSS due to an SCN5A variant and severe hypothyroidism in an adolescent patient. While patients with SCN5A variants exhibit phenotypic heterogeneity due to the presence of various modifiers, the presence of severe hypothyroidism may affect the development of SSS. This case highlights the importance of genetic analysis, including testing for SCN5A variants, in patients with hypothyroidism complicated by SSS or cardiac conduction disorders.


    Hiroaki Yamane, Mitsuru Seki, Takahiro Ikeda, Ayumi Matsumoto, Sadahiro Furui, Tomoyuki Sato, Kazuhiro Muramatsu, Toshihiro Tajima, Takanori Yamagata. An Adolescent Patient with Sick Sinus Syndrome Complicated by Hypothyroidism Carrying an SCN5A Variant. International heart journal. 2022;63(3):627-632

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    PMID: 35650162

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