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Industrial processes have expanded with the ability to clone and express recombinant immobilized enzymes in microorganisms such as Pichia pastoris that have commercially attractive amounts of the appropriate genes. This report describes the overexpression in Pichia pastoris, immobilization, and functional characterization of a secreted phospholipase A2 from scorpion venom Scorpio maurus: rPLA2(-5). After 48 h of culture, the recombinant rPLA2(-5) was secreted into the culture medium and expressed at about 9 mg/L. Comparative analyses of the kinetics and hydrolysis of rPLA2(-5) monolayers at various surface pressures were conducted with the same form produced in Escherichia coli. As a second part of the study, rPLA2(-5) overexpressed in Pichia pastoris was immobilized by adsorption on CaCO3, with about 78 percent of the activity. In comparison to the free enzyme, rPLA2(-5) was studied for stability. Immobilization improved the thermal stability of rPLA2(-5) and even the stability at acidic pH. Moreover, we found that the immobilization improved the stability of rPLA2(-5) towards bile salts, Tween 80, Triton X-100, and SDS, as well as its stability towards many organic solvents. Until now, this is the first study to describe the overexpression and immobilization of a scorpion venom phospholipase A2 that possesses an interesting stability characteristic that makes it useful for a wide range of biotechnological applications. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Najeh Krayem, Rim Sidhoum, Slim Cherif, Aida Karray. Efficient heterologous expression in Pichia pastoris, immobilization and functional characterization of a scorpion venom secreted phospholipase A2. Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology. 2022 Sep;216:1-10

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PMID: 35660627

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