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    To assess image quality and radiation dose in computed tomography (CT) studies of the petrous bone done with a scanner using a tin filter, high-resolution detectors, and iterative reconstruction, and to compare versus in studies done with another scanner without a tin filter using filtered back projection reconstruction. Thirty two patients (group 1) were acquired with an ultra-low dose CT (32-MDCT, 130kV, tin filter and iterative reconstruction). Images and radiation doses were compared to 36 patients (group 2) acquired in a 16-MDCT (120kV and filtered back-projection). Muscle density, bone density, and background noise were measured. Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) was calculated. To assess image quality, two independent radiologists subjectively evaluated the visualization of the different structures of the middle and inner ear (0=not visualized, 3=perfectly identified and delimited). Interobserver agreement was calculated. Effective dose at different anatomical levels with the dose-length product was recorded. In the quantitative analysis, there were no significant differences in image noise between the two groups. In the qualitative analysis, a similar or slightly lower subjective score was obtained in the delimitation of different structures of the ossicular chain and cochlea in the 32-MDCT, compared to 16-MDCT, with statistically significant differences. Mean effective dose (±standard deviation) was 0.16±0.04mSv for the 32-MDCT and 1.25±0.30mSv for the 16-MDCT. The use of scanners with tin filters, high-resolution detectors, and iterative reconstruction allows to obtain images with adequate quality for the evaluation of the petrous bone structures with ultralow doses of radiation (0.16±0.04mSv). Copyright © 2020 SERAM. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.


    M Novoa Ferro, E Santos Armentia, N Silva Priegue, C Jurado Basildo, C A Sepúlveda Villegas, C Delgado Sánchez-Gracián. Ultralow-dose CT of the petrous bone using iterative reconstruction technique, tin filter and high resolution detectors allows an adequate assessment of the petrous bone structures. Radiologia. 2022 May-Jun;64(3):206-213

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    PMID: 35676052

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