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    Generating robust, predictable perturbations in cellular protein levels will advance our understanding of protein function and enable the control of physiological outcomes in biotechnology applications. Timed periodic changes in protein levels play a critical role in the cell division cycle, cellular stress response, and development. Here we report the generation of robust protein level oscillations by controlling the protein degradation rate in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Using a photo-sensitive degron and red fluorescent proteins as reporters, we show that under constitutive transcriptional induction, repeated triangular protein level oscillations as fast as 5-10 min-scale can be generated by modulating the protein degradation rate. Consistent with oscillations generated though transcriptional control, we observed a continuous decrease in the magnitude of oscillations as the input modulation frequency increased, indicating low-pass filtering of input perturbation. By using two red fluorescent proteins with distinct maturation times, we show that the oscillations in protein level is largely unaffected by delays originating from functional protein formation. Our study demonstrates the potential for repeated control of protein levels by controlling the protein degradation rate without altering the transcription rate. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Bahareh Mahrou, Azady Pirhanov, Moluk Hadi Alijanvand, Yong Ku Cho, Yong-Jun Shin. Degradation-driven protein level oscillation in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Bio Systems. 2022 Sep;219:104717

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    PMID: 35690291

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