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    Phenylalanine ammonia lyase (PAL) catalyzes the deamination of phenylalanine to cinnamic acid and ammonia. It plays a crucial role in the formation of secondary metabolites through the phenylpropanoid pathway. Recently there has been growing interest in exploring the biochemical properties of PAL for its clinical and commercial applications. PAL as a key component has been used in metabolic engineering and synthetic biology. Due to its high substrate specificity and catalytic efficacy, PAL has opened a new area of interest in the biomedical field. PAL has been frequently used in the enzyme replacement therapy of phenylketonuria, cancer treatment and microbial production of l-phe the precursor of noncalorific sweetener aspartame (Methyl L-α-aspartyl-l-phenylalaninate), antimicrobial and health supplements. PAL occurs in few plants, fungi, bacteria, and cyanobacteria. The present investigation is a preliminary study in which an attempt has been made for the isolation, partial purification, and biochemical characterization of PAL (crude and partially purified) from Spirulina CPCC-695. Partially purified PAL exhibited higher enzymatic activity and protein content than the crude enzyme. Molecular weight of the crude and partially purified PAL was ~ 66 kDa. The optimum temperature and pH for PAL activity was observed as 30 ℃ and 8.0 respectively. l-Phe was the most preferred substrate (100 mM) whereas gallic acid showed maximum inhibition of PAL activity. Enzyme kinetics suggested good catalytic efficacy of the PAL enzyme and affinity towards substrate. Both the enzyme (crude and partially purified) showed less than 5% haemolysis suggesting the biocompatible nature of PAL. © 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


    Rakhshan Ahmad, Neha Sami, Gulnar Perveen, Tasneem Fatma. Biochemical Characterization of Novel Phenylalanine Ammonia-Lyase from Spirulina CPCC-695. The protein journal. 2022 Jun;41(3):414-423

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    PMID: 35713742

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