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Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) in children is associated with significant mortality and morbidity, including recurrent bacteremia. Infectious disease consultation (IDC) improves SAB outcomes in adult patients. However, increasing IDC and impact for pediatric patients with SAB is not well described. This quality improvement project aimed to increase IDC for SAB events at a quaternary pediatric medical center. First, we evaluated the local practices regarding pediatric SAB and engaged stakeholders (July 2018-August 2020). We added an advisory comment supporting IDC for SAB to all blood culture results in September 2020. Using statistical process control charts, we monitored the number of SAB events with IDC before a SAB event without IDC. Finally, we evaluated SAB recurrences before and after initiating the advisory comment. In the baseline period, 30 of 49 (61%) SAB events received an IDC with a mean of 1.4 SAB events with IDC before a SAB event without IDC. Postintervention, 22 of 23 (96%) SAB events received IDC with a mean of 14 events with IDC before 1 event without IDC. The SAB recurrence rate was 8%, with 6 events in 4 children; none of the index cases resulting in recurrence received an IDC (P = 0.0002), and all occurred before any intervention. An electronic advisory comment supporting IDC for SAB significantly increased the rate of pediatric IDC with no further SAB recurrence episodes following intervention. This low-resource intervention may be considered in other pediatric centers to optimize SAB management. Copyright © 2022 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.


Oren Gordon, Nadine Peart Akindele, Christina Schumacher, Ann Hanlon, Patricia J Simner, Karen C Carroll, Anna C Sick-Samuels. Increasing Pediatric Infectious Diseases Consultation Rates for Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia. Pediatric quality & safety. 2022 May-Jun;7(3):e560

PMID: 35720864

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