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Acute abdominal pain is one of the most common reasons for emergency admissions. Even though initial differentials are wide, a physician is able to narrow them down with detailed history, careful physical examination, and appropriate laboratory tests along with imaging studies. Unfortunately, some of the cases do not have an established diagnosis despite multiple blood work and imaging studies in the emergency department. In such conditions, physicians' recognition of rare diseases generally avoids extra costs for additional investigations, unnecessary consultations, and most importantly wasting valuable time in life-threatening conditions in emergency settings. Here, we report a 30-year-old woman with acute severe abdominal pain and hemodynamic instability who was found to have ascites that was actually hemoperitoneum secondary to spontaneous primary non-parasitic splenic cyst rupture. The primary splenic cyst is an extremely rare entity and is often found on imaging incidentally. A few case reports regarding primary splenic cyst and its complications were published in the literature. Since it is an exceptionally uncommon condition, there is no consensus on treatment. We aimed to increase the understanding of spontaneous primary splenic cyst rupture and its management among healthcare providers with this case report. Copyright © 2022, Aydin et al.


Yucel Aydin, Bhavya Vemuri, Clifford Berg. The Usual Presentation of an Unusual Case: Spontaneous Primary Splenic Cyst Rupture. Cureus. 2022 May;14(5):e25097

PMID: 35733464

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