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    Diabetes is a major public health disease that is globally approaching epidemic proportions. One of the major causes of type 2 diabetes is either a defect in insulin secretion or insulin action which is usually caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Not only these factors but others such as deregulation of various pathways, and oxidative stress are also known to trigger the redox imbalance in diabetics. Increasing evidences suggest that there are tight interactions between the development of diabetes and redox imbalance. An alternate pathway of glucose metabolism, the polyol pathway, becomes active in patients with diabetes that disturbs the balance between NADH and NAD+ . The occurrence of such redox imbalance supports other pathways that lead to oxidative damage to DNA, lipids, and proteins and consequently to oxidative stress which further ascend diabetes and its complications. However, the precise mechanism through which oxidative stress regulates diabetes progression remains to be elucidated. The understanding of how antioxidants and oxidants are controlled and impact the generation of oxidative stress and progression of diabetes is essential. The main focus of this review is to provide an overview of redox imbalance caused by oxidative stress through the polyol pathway. Understanding the pathological role of oxidative stress in diabetes will help to design potential therapeutic strategies against diabetes. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Sourbh Suren Garg, Jeena Gupta. Polyol pathway and redox balance in diabetes. Pharmacological research. 2022 Aug;182:106326

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    PMID: 35752357

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