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Kidney transplant is the preferred treatment for most patients with end-stage renal disease. Because dialyzed patients often have significant comorbidities or multimorbidities, they should be carefully evaluated before being waitlisted for transplant. The COVID-19 pandemic presents a major challenge for surgery, including transplant surgery. Owing to a fear of COVID-19 symptoms occurring in lungs, thin-section computed tomography (TSCT) became a standard evaluation technique in potential kidney transplant recipients before surgery. The aim of the study was to evaluate the rationale and usefulness of TSCT in deceased donor kidney transplant during the COVID-19 pandemic. All adult patients who underwent deceased donor kidney transplant between May 1, 2020, and December 15, 2021, were included in the study. Potential kidney transplant recipients who were admitted to the Department of General, Vascular, and Transplant Surgery at the Medical University of Warsaw in Warsaw, Poland, were tested for COVID-19 (CovGenX rapid test); blood chemistries were performed; dialysis was performed (if needed); and, on a negative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction test, HRCT was performed. From May 2020 until the end of December 2021, 54 patients were transplanted; however, 7 patients were disqualified after TSCT and consulted with a pulmonary specialist. Disqualification from kidney transplant accounted for 13% of the potential kidney allograft recipients. Despite the possibility of overdiagnosis by TSCT, TSCT should be considered a standard evaluation technique in potential kidney transplant recipients. Potential kidney transplant recipients must be periodically reassessed given the prolonged wait time for a donor kidney and the significant number of comorbid conditions in this patient population. However, more data with longer follow-ups are needed to prove or disprove the rationale to use TSCT in transplant surgery. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Jolanta Malyszko, Tadeusz Grochowiecki, Rafal Krenke, Michal Macech, Urszula Oldakowska-Jedynak, Olgierd Rowiński, Ewa Wojtaszek, Slawomir Nazarewski. Should Thorax Thin-Section Computed Tomography Be a Standard Diagnostic Procedure in the Evaluation of Potential Kidney Transplant Recipients? Lessons Learned From the COVID-19 Pandemic. Transplantation proceedings. 2022 May;54(4):890-896

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PMID: 35752505

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