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    Histamine released by activated basophils has become an important biomarker and therapeutic target in the development of allergic diseases. To date, several gold nanoparticle (AuNP)-based nanosensors have been reported for histamine detection in foods. However, rapid, highly sensitive and direct detection of histamine in allergic diseases is still lacking due to the complexity of the physical environment. Herein, we developed a novel nanosensor for colorimetric visualization of histamine in activated basophils by simply coupling dithiobis(succinimidylpropionate) (DSP) on the surface of AuNPs (DSP-AuNPs). The DSP moiety serves as a linker and can react with the aliphatic amino group of histamine, and the imidazole ring of histamine can selectively bind with Au by means of p-p conjugation, thus inducing the aggregation of AuNPs. In this study, we experimentally proved that DSP-AuNPs showed good sensitivity and selectivity to histamine among various amino acids, including histidine. Additionally, this nanosensor displayed a rapid response to histamine with a linear range of 0.8-2.5 μM, and the limit of detection (LOD) was 0.014 μM, which is a relatively low LOD in comparison with those of other AuNP-based nanosensors. Finally, DSP-AuNPs are used, for the first time, to successfully detect endogenous histamine changes in activated basophils. Therefore, our work may provide a promising strategy to monitor histamine levels in the basophil activation test.


    Xiaojing Ling, Yongxin Liu, Danxuan Zhu, Weizhen An, Jiaying Geng, Lin Li, Changmin Yu, Ji-Fu Wei. Colorimetric visualization of histamine secreted by basophils based on DSP-functionalized gold nanoparticles. Analytical methods : advancing methods and applications. 2022 Jul 14;14(27):2698-2702

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    PMID: 35770648

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