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Vascular dementia (VD) is the only type of dementia that can be prevented and treated. Compared to conventional treatment methods, moxibustion therapy is more effective for VD. This study evaluated the effectiveness and safety of moxibustion in the treatment of VD through a meta-analysis, to provide a complete overview to the advantages of traditional Chinese medicine and provide guidance for clinical application. Clinical trials on the therapeutic effects of moxibustion or moxibustion combined with acupuncture on VD were retrieved from the VIP information database, Wanfang, CNKI, PubMed, EMBase, and other resources. The included studies were conducted from January 2000 to October 2020. Among the retrieved studies, the content met the standards upon being collated and extracted, and RevMan5.3 was used for meta-analysis. Thirteen randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included with 997 patients. The RevMan bias risk assessment revealed that the quality of the studies was generally low. The meta-analysis showed that compared to conventional treatments, moxibution therapy in terms of effective rate, posttreatment Hasegawa Dementia Scale, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Activity of Daily Living Scale (ADL), Somatostatin (SS), Arginine Vasopressin (AVP), and Syndrome Differentiation Scale of VD were more favorable, and the difference in efficacy was statistically significant. Furthermore, no adverse events were observed in either group. Sensitivity analysis showed strong homogeneity and stable results, whereas funnel plot analysis revealed no significant publication bias. Moxibustion is effective and safe in the treatment of VD, but more high-quality evidence from further studies is required to support this. Copyright © 2022 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.


Xinqi Jiang, Tao Lu, Yihang Dong, Jiaru Shi, Mengyao Duan, Xiaoqing Zhang. Effectiveness and safety of moxibustion for vascular dementia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Medicine. 2022 Jul 01;101(26):e29804

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PMID: 35777054

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