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Hydroxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride chitosan (HACC) was synthesized by reacting chitosan with glycidyl trimethylammonium chloride. Atomic force microscopy showed that HACC exhibited disorderly coils in dilute solution and formed a three-dimensional network. Flow, thixotropy, and dynamic viscoelasticity tests were conducted using an MCR301 rheometer. The HACC solution was a non-Newtonian pseudoplastic fluid, and the shear behavior of different concentrations (2-6 %, w/v) was evaluated by the Williamson model fitting. Furthermore, the thixotropy was highly dependent on concentration changes: the high-concentration solution structure was difficult to recover in a short time. The dynamic viscoelasticity test indicated that the viscoelasticity of the HACC solution not only exhibited a viscous behavior similar to that of a fluid, but also exhibited elastic properties of weak gel. HACC exhibited high-strength solid-like gel characteristics at high temperature. Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier B.V.


Ling Ding, Zhao Liu, Shen Song, Mohamed Aamer Abubaker, Lele Chen, Jipeng Shi, Zengjie Fan, Ji Zhang. Structural characteristics and rheological properties of hydroxypropyl trimethyl ammonium chloride chitosan. International journal of biological macromolecules. 2022 Sep 01;216:312-321

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PMID: 35777515

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