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    Troponin I type 1b (Tnni1b) is thought to be a novel isoform that is expressed only in the zebrafish heart. Knocking down of tnni1b can lead to cardiac defects in zebrafish. Although both the zebrafish tnni1b and human troponin I1 (TNNI1) genes are thought to be closely associated with fatal cardiac development, the regulatory molecular mechanisms of these genes are poorly understood. Analyzing the functionally conserved sequence, especially in the noncoding regulatory region involved in gene expression, clarified these mechanisms. In this study, we isolated a 3 kb fragment upstream of Fugu tnni1a that can regulate green fluorescence protein (GFP) expression in a heart-specific manner, similar to the pattern of zebrafish homologue expression. Three evolutionarily conserved regions (ECRs) in the 5'-flanking sequence of Fugu tnni1a were identified by sequence alignment. Deletion analysis led to the identification of ECR2 as a core sequence that affects the heart-specific expression function of the Fugu tnni1a promoter. Interestingly, both the Fugu tnni1a promoter and ECR2 sequence were functionally conserved in zebrafish, although they shared no sequence similarity. Together, the findings of our study provided further evidence for the important role of tnni1a homologous in cardiac development and demonstrated that two functionally conserved sequences in the zebrafish and Fugu genomes may be ECRs, despite their lack of similarity. Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier B.V.


    Yiting Gui, Yawen Zhang, Qi Zhang, Xudong Chen, Feng Wang, Fang Wu, Yonghao Gui, Qiang Li. The functional verification and analysis of Fugu promoter of cardiac gene tnni1a in zebrafish. Cells & development. 2022 Sep;171:203801

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    PMID: 35787465

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