Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Mitochondrial uncoupler 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP) is a promising antidiabetic and antiobesity agent. Its clinical use is limited by a narrow dynamic range and accumulation in non-target sensitive organs, which results in whole-body toxicity. A liposomal formulation could enable the mentioned drawbacks to be overcome and simplify the liver-targeted delivery and sustained release of 2,4-DNP. We synthesized 2,4-DNP esters with carboxylic acids of various lipophilic degrees using carboxylic acid chloride and then loaded them into liposomes. We demonstrated the effective increase in the entrapment of 2,4-DNP into liposomes when esters were used. Here, we examined the dependence of the sustained release of 2,4-DNP from liposomes on the lipid composition and LogPoct of the ester. We posit that the optimal chain length of the ester should be close to the palmitic acid and the lipid membrane should be composed of phospholipids with a certain phase transition point depending on the desired release rate. The increased effect of the ATP synthesis inhibition of the liposomal forms of caproic and palmitic acid esters compared to free molecules in liver hepatocytes was demonstrated. The liposomes' stability could well be responsible for this result. This work demonstrates promising possibilities for the liver-targeted delivery of the 2,4-DNP esters with carboxylic acids loaded into liposomes for ATP synthesis inhibition.


Kseniya Yu Vlasova, Petr Ostroverkhov, Daria Vedenyapina, Tamara Yakimova, Alla Trusova, Galina Yurievna Lomakina, Stepan Sergeevich Vodopyanov, Mikhail Grin, Natalia Klyachko, Vladimir Chekhonin, Maxim Abakumov. Liposomal Form of 2,4-Dinitrophenol Lipophilic Derivatives as a Promising Therapeutic Agent for ATP Synthesis Inhibition. Nanomaterials (Basel, Switzerland). 2022 Jun 23;12(13)

PMID: 35808003

View Full Text