Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Nuclear copies of mitochondrial genes (numts) are commonplace in vertebrate genomes and have been characterized in many species. However, relatively little attention has been paid to understanding their evolutionary origins and to disentangling alternative sources of insertions. Numts containing genes with intact mitochondrial reading frames represent good candidates for this purpose. The sequences of the genes they contain can be compared with their mitochondrial homologs to characterize synonymous to nonsynonymous substitution rates, which can shed light on the selection pressures these genes have been subjected to. Here, we characterize 25 numts in the Antarctic fur seal (Arctocephalus gazella) genome. Among those containing genes with intact mitochondrial reading frames, three carry multiple substitutions in comparison to their mitochondrial homologs. Our analyses reveal that one represents a historic insertion subjected to strong purifying selection since it colonized the Otarioidea in a genomic region enriched in retrotransposons. By contrast, the other two numts appear to be more recent and their large number of substitutions can be attributed to noncanonical insertions, either the integration of heteroplasmic mtDNA or hybridization. Our study sheds new light on the evolutionary history of pinniped numts and uncovers the presence of hidden sources of mitonuclear variation. © The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution.


David L J Vendrami, Toni I Gossmann, Nayden Chakarov, Anneke J Paijmans, Vivienne Litzke, Adam Eyre-Walker, Jaume Forcada, Joseph I Hoffman. Signatures of Selection on Mitonuclear Integrated Genes Uncover Hidden Mitogenomic Variation in Fur Seals. Genome biology and evolution. 2022 Jul 02;14(7)

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 35809042

View Full Text