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    While muscle atrophy is a function of normal aging, loss of muscle in the setting of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) has been observed using radiographic studies. There is limited data available regarding changes in extremity composition using bioimpedance (BIA). The purpose of this study was to assess the changes in extremity composition in patients with isolated, unilateral hip or knee OA using BIA. Patients presenting to our institution's adult reconstruction clinic from February 2020 to April 2021 were retrospectively reviewed to identify those with isolated, unilateral hip and knee OA. The InBody 770 Body Composition Analyzer (InBody USA, Cerritos, California) was used to perform a complete body composition assessment, per protocol. Lean extremity mass (LEM), fat mass (FM), intracellular water (ICW), extremity body water (EBW = ICW + extracellular water (ECW)) and phase angle (PA) were determined. Differences between the affected (OA) and unaffected (no OA) extremities were compared using t-tests. 38 patients had isolated hip OA. The mean age was 60.8 (±11.7) years, mean BMI was 31.7 (±6.8) kg/m2, and 39.5% were female. LEM, FM, EBW, ICW, and PA were significantly decreased in the hip OA extremity (LEM: 20.0 vs. 20.4 kg, p=0.0008, FM: 8.8 vs. 8.9 kg, p=0.0049, EBW: 15.7 vs 16.0, p=0.0011, ICW: 9.5 vs. 9.7 L, p=0.0004, PA: 4.5 vs 4.9º, p<0.0001). There were 25 patients with isolated knee OA. Mean age was 62.8 (±11.3) years, mean BMI was 33.6 (±6.9) kg/m2, and 52.0% were female. FM and PA were significantly lower in the knee OA extremity (11.3 vs 11.4 kg, p=0.0291, 4.5 vs 4.9º, p<0.0001). There were no significant differences in LEM, EBW, and ICW between the knee OA extremity and the unaffected extremity. Patients with isolated, unilateral hip OA had decreased LEM, FM, EBW, and ICW in the affected extremity. Both unilateral hip and knee OA was associated with decreased PA, suggestive of greater underlying dysfunction in muscle or cellular performance. Further study is needed to better define when these abnormalities develop, how they progress over time, and the impact of targeted interventions in reversing these changes. Level of Evidence: III. Copyright © The Iowa Orthopaedic Journal 2022.


    David E DeMik, Michael C Marinier, Trevor R Gulbrandsen, Natalie A Glass, Jacob M Elkins. Does Isolated Unilateral Hip or Knee Osteoarthritis Lead to Adverse Changes in Extremity Composition? The Iowa orthopaedic journal. 2022 Jun;42(1):163-167

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    PMID: 35821924

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