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Agarase is of vital significance for functional agaro-oligosaccharides production from algal dived agarose. Especially, the exolytic agarases have the advantage of obtaining agaro-oligosaccharides with a specific degree of polymerization. Herein, we cloned and expressed a novel glycoside hydrolase (GH) 50 family β-agarase OUC-PgJC50 from Photobacterium gaetbulicola. The degradation pattern analysis indicated that OUC-PgJC50 not only showed an exolytic activity with main products of neoagarotetraose from hydrolyzing agarose but also show a hydrolytic activity to transform neoagarotetraose into neoagarobiose. This is the first time that the discovery of a neoagarotetraose-producing exolytic GH50 β-agarase possesses the activity to transform neoagarotetraose into neoagarobiose, which provided new insight into the recognition of the degradation mode of agarases. Molecular docking and sequence alignment analysis further revealed the His654 residue in OUC-PgJC50 may play a vital role in forming a strong force with l-AHG residue at -4 subsite that helps to produce neoagarotetraose from catalyzing agarose. Moreover, the catalytic ability of OUC-PgJC50 toward another agar polysaccharide porphyran was also described that could hydrolyze porphyran into sulfated oligosaccharides, in which the LA6S-d-Gal was the main products. This study is of vital significance for developing the application range of GH50 β-agarases.

Citation

Chengcheng Jiang, Tianyu Zhang, Yuxian Xu, Xiangzhao Mao. Characterization of a GH50 β-Agarase: A Biotechnological Tool for Preparing Oligosaccharides from Agarose and Porphyran. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2022 Aug 17;70(32):9931-9940

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PMID: 35866448

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