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    Toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems are ubiquitous genetic modules in bacteria and archaea. Here, we perform structural and biochemical characterization of the Legionella pneumophila effector Lpg2370, demonstrating that it is a Ser/Thr kinase. Together with two upstream genes, lpg2370 constitutes the tripartite HipBST TA. Notably, the toxin Lpg2370 (HipTLp) and the antitoxin Lpg2369 (HipSLp) correspond to the C-terminus and N-terminus of HipA from HipBA TA, respectively. By determining crystal structures of autophosphorylated HipTLp, its complex with AMP-PNP, and the structure of HipTLp-HipSLp complex, we identify residues in HipTLp critical for ATP binding and those contributing to its interactions with HipSLp. Structural analysis reveals that HipSLp binding induces a loop-to-helix shift in the P-loop of HipTLp, leading to the blockage of ATP binding and inhibition of the kinase activity. These findings establish the L. pneumophila effector Lpg2370 as the HipBST TA toxin and elucidate the molecular basis for HipT neutralization in HipBST TA. © 2022. The Author(s).


    Xiangkai Zhen, Yongyu Wu, Jinli Ge, Jiaqi Fu, Le Ye, Niannian Lin, Zhijie Huang, Zihe Liu, Zhao-Qing Luo, Jiazhang Qiu, Songying Ouyang. Molecular mechanism of toxin neutralization in the HipBST toxin-antitoxin system of Legionella pneumophila. Nature communications. 2022 Jul 26;13(1):4333

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    PMID: 35882877

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