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    Background: Nephrolithiasis has been associated with bone loss and vascular calcification (VC), reflecting abnormal extraosseous calcium deposition. Fetuin-A (Fet-A) acts as a potent inhibitor of ectopic mineralization. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of VC in stone formers (SF) and non-stone formers (NSF) and to investigate potential determinants of VC among SF, including circulating levels of Fet-A and bone microarchitecture parameters. Methods: Abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) was assessed using available computed tomography in SF and in age-, sex-, and BMI-matched NSF (potential living kidney donors). Serum Fet-A was measured in stored blood samples from SF. Bone microarchitecture parameters were obtained as a post hoc analysis of a cross-sectional cohort from young SF evaluated by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT). Results: A total of 62 SF (38.0 [28.0−45.3] years old) and 80 NSF (40.0 [37.0−45.8] years old) were included. There was no significant difference in AAC scores between SF and NSF. However, when dividing SF according to mean AAC score, below <5.8% (n = 33) or above ≥5.8% (n = 29), SF with higher AAC presented significantly higher BMI and tibial cortical porosity (Ct.Po) and significantly lower serum HDL, klotho, Fet-A, and eGFR. Urinary calcium did not differ between groups, but fractional excretion of phosphate was higher in the former. Upon multivariate regression, BMI, serum Fet-A, and tibial Ct.Po remained independently associated with AAC. Conclusions: This study suggests an association between reduced circulating Fet-A levels and increased bone Ct.Po with VC in SF.


    Fernanda Guedes Rodrigues, Rodrigo Fernandes Carvalho Azambuja Neves, Milene Subtil Ormanji, Priscila Ligeiro Gonçalves Esper, Melissa Gaspar, Rosa Maria Rodrigues Pereira, Lucio R Requião-Moura, Martin H de Borst, Ita Pfeferman Heilberg. Vascular Calcification Is Associated with Fetuin-A and Cortical Bone Porosity in Stone Formers. Journal of personalized medicine. 2022 Jul 10;12(7)

    PMID: 35887617

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