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    Objective: To analyze the changes in self-efficacy and its influencing factors in type 2 diabetic patients after community-based self-management group intervention. Methods: From August to November 2014, a 3-month community-based self-management intervention study of type 2 diabetes patients was implemented in Fangshan District, Beijing. 510 patients were recruited through posters, household inquiries and telephone notification and then were randomly divided into intervention group (260 patients) and control group (250 patients). Finally, 500 patients completed the study, including 259 in the intervention group and 241 in the control group. Self-efficacy score was measured through face-to-face interview at different time points, including pre-intervention, post-intervention, 2 years after the intervention and 5 years after the intervention, respectively. A two-level random coefficient model was fitted to analyze the long-term trend of self-efficacy and its relationship with group intervention. Results: Individual-level educational attainment, disease duration as well as their treatment plans had a positive correlation with self-efficacy of type 2 diabetic patients while gender and age did not affect their self-efficacy. Patients with junior middle school education, senior high school education and university and above education had 4.66 (P<0.05), 6.40 (P<0.05) and 11.02 (P<0.05) points higher than those with primary education, respectively. The self-efficacy of diabetic patients increased by 0.23 (P<0.05) for each additional course year. The effect of treatment plan on self-efficacy was mainly reflected in the self-efficacy of taking medication or insulin injection as prescribed and blood glucose monitoring. After controlling for the confounding factors, i.e., gender, age, disease duration, educational attainment, and treatment plan, self-efficacy scores at the post-intervention increased in both groups compared to those at the pre-intervention. The intervention group had 7.95 points higher than the control group (P<0.05). After the intervention, the self-efficacy scores of both groups decreased year by year while the intervention group declined faster, with 5.41 points (P<0.05) at 2 years after the intervention and 8.94 points (P<0.05) at 5 years after the intervention. Conclusion: Community-based self-management group intervention could improve the self-efficacy of type 2 diabetic patients while the self-efficacy decreases year by year in the absence of follow-up intervention.

    Citation

    F Mao, Y Y Jiang, Z Xia, Y He, W L Dong, W W Zhang, X F Liu, X X Zhang, J Q Dong. Analysis of changes in self-efficacy and its influencing factors in type 2 diabetic patients after community-based self-management group intervention]. Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine]. 2022 Jul 06;56(7):932-939

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    PMID: 35899345

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