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The oxygenation of Fe(II)-bearing minerals for hydroxyl radicals (HO•) formation and contaminant attenuation receive increasing attention, while the mechanisms for specific Fe(II) species in manipulating HO• formation and contaminant attenuation are unclear. Herein, a total of four Fe(III)-bearing minerals were applied in the reduction-oxygenation processes to produce HO•. Results showed that the total HO• generated from the Fe-(oxyhydr)oxides were significantly higher than those from the Fe-silicates, with the order of goethite and hematite (~1500 μmol kg-1) > Fe-montmorillonite (~550 μmol kg-1) > chlorite (~120 μmol kg-1). The HO• formation was largely hinged on the reactive Fe(II) species, i.e., the surface-adsorbed/low-crystalline Fe(II) in the Fe-bearing minerals. For the co-incubation of minerals and phenanthrene, the concentrations of phenanthrene decreased from the initial 3.0 mg L-1 to 0.7 mg L-1 and 1.9 mg L-1 for Fe-montmorillonite and goethite, respectively, suggesting the HO• mediated by the Fe-montmorillonite was more conducive for phenanthrene attenuation. The goethite tended to promote the formation of free HO•, while the Fe-montmorillonite with interlayer structure can provide attachment sites for the surface-adsorbed/low-crystalline Fe(II), resulting in high potential for surface-bound HO• formation and phenanthrene attenuation. This study highlights the importance of Fe-bearing minerals in manipulating HO• formation, providing new insight into the removal of contaminants in ecosystems. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Longliang Wang, Haiyan Du, Huacheng Xu, Huan Li, Lina Li. Insights into phenanthrene attenuation by hydroxyl radicals from reduced iron-bearing mineral oxygenation. Journal of hazardous materials. 2022 Oct 05;439:129658

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PMID: 35901635

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