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    Iron deficiency anemia in children affects psychomotor development. We compared the accuracy and trend of a non-invasive transcutaneous spectrophotometric estimation of arterial hemoglobin (Hb) concentration (SpHb) by rainbow pulse CO-oximetry technology to the invasive blood Hb concentration measured by an automated clinical analyzer (Hb-Lab). We measured the SpHb and Hb-Lab in 109 patients aged 1-5 years. Regression analysis was used to evaluate differences between the two methods. The bias, accuracy, precision, and limits of agreement of SpHb compared with Hb-Lab were calculated using the Bland-Altman method. Of the 109 enrolled subjects, 102 pairs of the SpHb and Hb-Lab datasets were collected. The average value of measured Hb was 12.9 ± 1.03 (standard deviation [SD]) g/dL for Hb-Lab. A significant correlation was observed between SpHb and Hb-Lab measurements (SpHb = 7.002 + 0.4722 Hb-Lab, correlation coefficient r = 0.548, 95% confidence interval = 0.329-0.615). Bland-Altman analysis showed good visual agreement, with a mean bias between SpHb and Hb-Lab of 0.188 ± 0.919 g/dL (mean ± SD). We concluded that non-invasive Hb measurement is useful for Hb estimation in children and provides new insights as a screening tool for anemia. Our results indicated a good correlation between non-invasive transcutaneous spectrophotometric estimation of arterial hemoglobin (Hb) concentration using a finger probe sensor by rainbow pulse CO-oximetry technology and invasive blood Hb concentration. Although previous studies have indicated that in patients with a worse condition, the bias between the two methods was large, this study, which was conducted on children with stable disease, showed a relatively small bias. Further studies using this non-invasive device might help to understand the current status of anemia in Japan and promote iron intake and nutritional management in children. © 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to the International Pediatric Research Foundation, Inc.


    Yoshiteru Arai, Hiromichi Shoji, Kentaro Awata, Eisuke Inage, Tamaki Ikuse, Toshiaki Shimizu. Evaluation of the use of non-invasive hemoglobin measurement in early childhood. Pediatric research. 2023 Mar;93(4):1036-1040

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    PMID: 35906313

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