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    Alternative polyadenylation (APA) enhances gene regulatory potential by increasing the diversity of mRNA transcripts. 3' UTR shortening through APA correlates with enhanced cellular proliferation and is a widespread phenomenon in tumor cells. Here, we show that the ubiquitously expressed transcription factor Sp1 binds RNA in vivo and is a common repressor of distal poly(A) site usage. RNA sequencing identified 2,344 genes (36% of the total mapped mRNA transcripts) with lengthened 3' UTRs upon Sp1 depletion. Sp1 preferentially binds the 3' UTRs of such lengthened transcripts and inhibits cleavage at distal sites by interacting with the subunits of the core cleavage and polyadenylation (CPA) machinery. The 3' UTR lengths of Sp1 target genes in breast cancer patient RNA-seq data correlate with Sp1 expression levels, implicating Sp1-mediated APA regulation in modulating tumorigenic properties. Taken together, our findings provide insights into the mechanism for dynamic APA regulation by unraveling a previously unknown function of the DNA-binding transcription factor Sp1. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Jingwen Song, Syed Nabeel-Shah, Shuye Pu, Hyunmin Lee, Ulrich Braunschweig, Zuyao Ni, Nujhat Ahmed, Edyta Marcon, Guoqing Zhong, Debashish Ray, Kevin C H Ha, Xinghua Guo, Zhaolei Zhang, Timothy R Hughes, Benjamin J Blencowe, Jack F Greenblatt. Regulation of alternative polyadenylation by the C2H2-zinc-finger protein Sp1. Molecular cell. 2022 Sep 01;82(17):3135-3150.e9

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    PMID: 35914531

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