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This study presents an overview of the current situation of highly hazardous pesticides (HHPs) in North Africa and Near East countries (NENA). This work reviews the registered pesticides in the region and identify HHPs being used according to the criteria 1-8 for HHPs of FAO/WHO Guidelines on HHPs. In addition, to identify the weakness and the need of the region to mitigate the risk from the use of HHPs, the report ended with recommendations needed in the region to improve the pesticide managements and registration, such as improving the agricultural practices by adopting the integrated pest management IPM and including replacing HHPs with ecosystem-friendly alternatives if available. The total number of pesticides registered and used in NENA region is 642 active ingredients (IA). Eighty-nine HHPs are still in use in NENA region and 50% of them are evaluated under 1-7 criteria of GHS HHPs. This evaluation shows that 50% of HHPs are insecticides, 22% fungicides, 10% herbicides, 8% nematocides, and 10% rodenticides. The rest of 38 HHPs are identified under criteria 8. This high number of HHPs still in use in some NENA countries urges the need of technical assistance to reduce the use of HHPs. The type of assistant varies from country to other; to identify the priority of technical and legal assistant needed, a country-based assessments must be carried out at the near future.© 2022. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

Citation

Thaer Yaseen, M Jamal Hajjar, Gu Baogen. High hazzard pesticides (HHPs) in Near East and North Africa (NENA), constrains and recommendations to mitigate the risk of HHPs. Environmental science and pollution research international. 2022 Aug 01


PMID: 35915308

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