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Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most considerably common malignancies of the alimentary system, with high mortality and incidence rates.  The present study suggested that the occurrence of CRC is closely related to bacteria, as the large intestine is a gathering place for human micro-organisms. However, the nosogenesis of bacteria leading to tumorigenesis is still obscure. Recently, many studies have reported that toll-like receptors and their related molecular pathways are involved in the process of gut micro-organisms generating CRC. Gut micro-organisms can promote or inhibit the development of CRC via binding to special toll-like receptors. In this paper, the authors review the relationship among toll-like receptors, gut micro-organisms and CRC in order to provide a reference for future tumor immunotherapy and targeted therapy.


Wu Yinhang, Wu Wei, Zhuang Jing, Zhou Qing, Zhou Yani, Wang Yangyanqiu, Han Shuwen. Biological roles of toll-like receptors and gut microbiota in colorectal cancer. Future microbiology. 2022 Sep;17:1071-1089

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PMID: 35916158

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