Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • actin (1)
  • alga (1)
  • amino acid (1)
  • barium (7)
  • biosynthesis (1)
  • cations (1)
  • chloroplasts (2)
  • cytoplasm (1)
  • electron (2)
  • spirogyra (5)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    We have investigated the biomineralisation of barite ‒a useful proxy for reconstructing paleoproductivity‒ in a freshwater alga, Spirogyra, by combining in vitro and in vivo approaches to unveil the nature of its barite microcrystals. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS) observations on simply dried samples revealed that the number and size of barite crystals were related to the barium concentration in the media. Additionally, their morphology showed a crystallographic face (011), which is not normally observed, suggesting the influence of organic molecules on the growth kinetics. The critical point drying method was used to preserve the internal and external structures of Spirogyra cells for SEM imaging. Crystals were found adjacent to the cytoplasmic membrane, near chloroplasts and fibrillary network. In vivo optical microscopy and Raman tweezer microspectroscopy in living cells showed that barite microcrystals are optically visible and follow cytoplasmic streaming. These results led us to propose that barite formation in Spirogyra occurs in the cytoplasm where barium and sulphate are both available: barium supplied non-selectively through the active transport of the divalent cations needed for actin polymerisation, and sulphate because necessary for amino acid biosynthesis in chloroplasts. Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier GmbH.. All rights reserved.


    Natercia Barbosa, Jean-Michel Jaquet, Oscar Urquidi, Takuji B M Adachi, Montserrat Filella. Combined in vitro and in vivo investigation of barite microcrystals in Spirogyra (Zygnematophyceae, Charophyta). Journal of plant physiology. 2022 Sep;276:153769

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 35939894

    View Full Text