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BACKGROUND Cinacalcet is a calcium-sensing receptor agonist that is clinically approved for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in chronic kidney disease and hypercalcemia in patients with parathyroid carcinoma. This study aimed to use quantitative mass spectrometry-based label-free proteomics to evaluate the effects of cinacalcet on protein expression in rat brains and livers. MATERIAL AND METHODS We randomly assigned 18 Wistar rats to 2 groups: an untreated control group (n=6) and a group treated with cinacalcet at a dose corresponding to the maximum dose used in humans (2 mg/kg/body weight, 5 days/week) divided into 7-day (n=6) and 21-day (n=6) treatment subgroups. A mass-spectrometry-based label-free quantitative proteomics approach using peptides peak area calculation was used to evaluate the changes in protein expression in examined tissues. Bioinformatics analysis of quantitative proteomics data was done using MaxQuant and Perseus environment. RESULTS No changes in protein expression were revealed in the 7-day treatment subgroup. We detected 10 upregulated and 3 downregulated proteins in the liver and 1 upregulated protein in the brain in the 21-day treatment subgroup compared to the control group. Based on Gene Ontology classification, all identified differentially expressed proteins were indicated as molecular functions involved in the enzyme regulator activity (36%), binding (31%), and catalytic activity (19%). CONCLUSIONS These findings indicate that long-term cinacalcet therapy can impair phase II of enzymatic detoxication and can cause disturbances in blood hemostasis, lipid metabolism, and inflammatory mediators or contribute to the acceleration of cognitive dysfunction; therefore, appropriate patient monitoring should be considered.


Ewa Bulska, Andrzej Gawor, Anna Konopka, Grzegorz Wryk, Bożena Czarkowska-Pączek, Zdzisław Gajewski, Leszek Pączek. Label-Free Mass Spectrometry-Based Quantitative Proteomics to Evaluate the Effects of the Calcium-Sensing Receptor Agonist Cinacalcet on Protein Expression in Rat Brains and Livers. Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research. 2022 Aug 09;28:e937338

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PMID: 35941808

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