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    Polymers of septin protein complexes play cytoskeletal roles in eukaryotic cells. The specific subunit composition within complexes controls functions and higher-order structural properties. All septins have globular GTPase domains. The other eukaryotic cytoskeletal NTPases strictly require assistance from molecular chaperones of the cytosol, particularly the cage-like chaperonins, to fold into oligomerization-competent conformations. We previously identified cytosolic chaperones that bind septins and influence the oligomerization ability of septins carrying mutations linked to human disease, but it was unknown to what extent wild-type septins require chaperone assistance for their native folding. Here we use a combination of in vivo and in vitro approaches to demonstrate chaperone requirements for de novo folding and complex assembly by budding yeast septins. Individually purified septins adopted nonnative conformations and formed nonnative homodimers. In chaperonin- or Hsp70-deficient cells, septins folded slower and were unable to assemble posttranslationally into native complexes. One septin, Cdc12, was so dependent on cotranslational chaperonin assistance that translation failed without it. Our findings point to distinct translation elongation rates for different septins as a possible mechanism to direct a stepwise, cotranslational assembly pathway in which general cytosolic chaperones act as key intermediaries.


    Daniel Hassell, Ashley Denney, Emily Singer, Aleyna Benson, Andrew Roth, Julia Ceglowski, Marc Steingesser, Michael McMurray. Chaperone requirements for de novo folding of Saccharomyces cerevisiae septins. Molecular biology of the cell. 2022 Oct 01;33(12):ar111

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    PMID: 35947497

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