Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

During their breeding season, estrogen induces vitellogenin (VTG) production in the liver of teleost fish through estrogen receptors (ERs) that support oocyte vitellogenesis. There are at least three ER subtypes in teleost fish, but their roles in mediating E2-induced VTG expression have yet to be ascertained. In this study, we investigated the expression of vtgs and ers in the liver of orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides). Their expression levels were significantly increased in the breeding season and were upregulated by an estradiol (E2) injection in female fish, except for the expression of erβ1. The upregulation of vtgs, erα and erβ2 by E2 was also observed in primary hepatocytes, but these stimulatory effects could be abolished by ER antagonist ICI182780 treatment. Subsequent studies showed that ERβ antagonist Cyclofenil downregulated the E2-induced expression of vtg, erα, and erβ2, while the ERβ agonist DPN simulated their expression. Knockdown of erβ2 by siRNA further confirmed that ERβ2 mediated the E2-induced expression of vtgs and erα. To reveal the mechanism of ERβ2 in the regulation of erα expression, the erα promoter was cloned, and its activity was examined in cells. E2 treatment simulated the activity of the erα promoter in the presence of ERβ2. Deletions and site-directed mutations showed that the E2 up-regulated transcriptional activity of erα occurs through a classical half-estrogen response element- (ERE) dependent pathway. This study reveals the roles of ER subtypes in VTG expression in orange-spotted grouper and provides a possible explanation for the rapid and efficient VTG production in this species during the breeding season.


Zhifeng Ye, Tingting Zhao, Qianhao Wei, Haoran Lin, Yong Zhang, Shuisheng Li. Distinct Roles of Estrogen Receptors in the Regulation of Vitellogenin Expression in Orange-Spotted Grouper (Epinephelus coioides). International journal of molecular sciences. 2022 Aug 03;23(15)

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 35955769

View Full Text