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    Many solids crystallize as microcrystalline powders, thus precluding the application of single crystal X-Ray diffraction in structural elucidation. In such cases, a joint use of high-resolution solid-state NMR and crystal structure prediction (CSP) calculations can be successful. However, for molecules showing significant conformational freedom, the CSP-NMR protocol can meet serious obstacles, including ambiguities in NMR signal assignment and too wide conformational search space to be covered by computational methods in reasonable time. Here, we demonstrate a possible way of avoiding these obstacles and making as much use of the two methods as possible in difficult circumstances. In a simple case, our experiments led to crystal structure elucidation of a cocrystal of linezolid (LIN), a wide-range antibiotic, with 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid, while a significantly more challenging case of a cocrystal of LIN with 2,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid led to the identification of the most probable conformations of LIN inside the crystal. Having four rotatable bonds, some of which can assume many discreet values, LIN molecule poses a challenge in establishing its conformation in a solid phase. In our work, a set of 27 conformations were used in CSP calculations to yield model crystal structures to be examined against experimental solid-state NMR data, leading to a reliable identification of the most probable molecular arrangements. Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Mehrnaz Khalaji, Piotr Paluch, Marek J Potrzebowski, Marta K Dudek. Narrowing down the conformational space with solid-state NMR in crystal structure prediction of linezolid cocrystals. Solid state nuclear magnetic resonance. 2022 Oct;121:101813

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    PMID: 35964358

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