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    Graphene is one of the most promising nanomaterials with many extraordinary properties and numerous exciting applications. In this work, a green, facile, and rapid method was developed to prepare graphene directly from common biomass materials such as banana peels, cantaloupe peels, coconut peels, and orange peels by using concentrated solar radiation. The basic principle of this method is photothermal conversion. On a sunny day, the sunlight was concentrated by a biconvex lens to form a focused light spot with a high temperature above 1000 °C, which can directly convert fruit peels into graphene nanosheets within 2-3 s. The product is named concentrated-solar-induced graphene (CSIG) based on the process employed to generate it. The resulting CSIG was characterized using a range of analytical techniques. The Raman spectrum of the CSIG displayed two distinct peaks corresponding to the D and G bands at ∼1343 and ∼1568 cm-1, respectively. Scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction were used to confirm that the CSIG consists of a few layers of turbostratic graphene nanosheets. Atomic force microscopy characterization revealed that the CSIG nanosheets have a thickness of ∼4 nm. The antibacterial potential of the CSIG was also explored. The CSIG had a strong inhibitory effect on the growth of Escherichia coli. This simple, green, and straightforward method for producing graphene may open a new route for turning waste into useful materials: an inexhaustible and pollution-free natural resource can be readily exploited by using a solar tracker-lens system for the large-scale production of graphene materials directly from low-cost biomass materials. © 2022 The Authors. Published by American Chemical Society.


    Xiao-Hua Hu, Rui Zhang, Zhiyong Wu, Shisheng Xiong. Concentrated Solar Induced Graphene. ACS omega. 2022 Aug 09;7(31):27263-27271

    PMID: 35967066

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