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Retroperitoneal liposarcoma (RLPS) is the most common subtype of retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcoma, characterized by a high recurrence rate and insensitivity to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The function of tumor microenvironmental components, especially tumor-associated fibroblasts (TAFs), remains unclear in RLPS. The crosstalk between tumor cells and stromal cells should be clarified for therapy target discovery in RLPS. In this study, we demonstrated that TAFs from dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDLPS) could attract LPS cells and promote their proliferation and migration. However, although α-SMA is positively expressed in RLPS, its expression does not indicate prognosis. By screening differentially expressed genes, performing Oncomine visualization, TCGA gene expression correlation analysis and qPCR verification, we determined that thrombospondin-2 (THBS2) gene expression was related to TAFs. The expression of Tsp2 protein, which was encoded by THBS2, was correlated with α-SMA expression, and it was an independent predictive factor for disease-free survival and recurrence-free survival in patients with RLPS. In vitro, Tsp2 facilitated the transformation of bone marrow-derived fibroblasts (BMFs) to TAFs and promoted the malignant biological behaviors of LPS cells by activating the MAPK/MEK/ERK pathway. Therefore, suppression of Tsp2 is expected to be a promising treatment method for RLPS patients. © The author(s).


Chang Xu, Liang Yan, Xiaoya Guan, Zhen Wang, Jianhui Wu, Ang Lv, Daoning Liu, Faqiang Liu, Bin Dong, Min Zhao, Ling Jia, Xiuyun Tian, Chunyi Hao. Tsp2 Facilitates Tumor-associated Fibroblasts Formation and Promotes Tumor Progression in Retroperitoneal Liposarcoma. International journal of biological sciences. 2022;18(13):5038-5055

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PMID: 35982904

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