Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

We have recently demonstrated that basophils are protective against intestinal permeability during malaria and contribute to reduced parasite transmission to mosquitoes. Given that IL-18 is an early cytokine/alarmin in malaria and has been shown to activate basophils, we sought to determine the role of the basophil IL-18R in this protective phenotype. To address this, we infected control [IL18r flox/flox or basoIL-18R (+)] mice and mice with basophils lacking the IL-18R [IL18r flox/flox × Basoph8 or basoIL-18R (-)] with Plasmodium yoelii yoelii 17XNL, a nonlethal strain of mouse malaria. Postinfection (PI), intestinal permeability, ileal mastocytosis, bacteremia, and levels of ileal and plasma cytokines and chemokines were measured through 10 d PI. BasoIL-18R (-) mice exhibited greater intestinal permeability relative to basoIL-18R (+) mice, along with increased plasma levels of proinflammatory cytokines at a single time point PI, day 4 PI, a pattern not observed in basoIL-18R (+) mice. Surprisingly, mosquitoes fed on basoIL-18R (-) mice became infected less frequently than mosquitoes fed on basoIL-18R (+) mice, with no difference in gametocytemia, a pattern that was distinct from that observed previously with basophil-depleted mice. These findings suggest that early basophil-dependent protection of the intestinal barrier in malaria is mediated by IL-18, and that basophil IL-18R-dependent signaling differentially regulates the inflammatory response to infection and parasite transmission. Copyright © 2022 The Authors.


Erinn L Donnelly, Nora Céspedes, Gretchen Hansten, Delaney Wagers, Anna M Briggs, Casey Lowder, Joseph Schauer, Lori Haapanen, Judy Van de Water, Shirley Luckhart. The Basophil IL-18 Receptor Precisely Regulates the Host Immune Response and Malaria-Induced Intestinal Permeability and Alters Parasite Transmission to Mosquitoes without Effect on Gametocytemia. ImmunoHorizons. 2022 Aug 19;6(8):630-641

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 35985797

View Full Text