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    Cohesin is an important structural regulator of the genome, regulating both three-dimensional genome organization and gene expression. The core cohesin trimer interacts with various HEAT repeat accessory subunits, yielding cohesin complexes of distinct compositions and potentially distinct functions. The roles of the two mutually exclusive HEAT repeat subunits PDS5A and PDS5B are not well understood. Here, we determine that PDS5A and PDS5B have highly similar localization patterns across the mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) genome and they show a strong overlap with other cohesin HEAT repeat accessory subunits, STAG1 and STAG2. Using CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing to generate individual stable knockout lines for PDS5A and PDS5B, we find that loss of one PDS5 subunit does not alter the distribution of the other PDS5 subunit, nor the core cohesin complex. Both PDS5A and PDS5B are required for proper gene expression, yet they display only partially overlapping effects on gene targets. Remarkably, gene expression following dual depletion of the PDS5 HEAT repeat proteins does not completely overlap the gene expression changes caused by dual depletion of the STAG HEAT repeat proteins, despite the overlapping genomic distribution of all four proteins. Furthermore, dual loss of PDS5A and PDS5B decreases cohesin association with NIPBL and WAPL, reduces SMC3 acetylation, and does not alter overall levels of cohesin on the genome. This work reveals the importance of PDS5A and PDS5B for proper cohesin function. Loss of either subunit has little effect on cohesin localization across the genome yet PDS5A and PDS5B are differentially required for gene expression. © 2022. The Author(s).


    Nicole L Arruda, Audra F Bryan, Jill M Dowen. PDS5A and PDS5B differentially affect gene expression without altering cohesin localization across the genome. Epigenetics & chromatin. 2022 Aug 19;15(1):30

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    PMID: 35986423

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