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    Alcohol hangover refers to the combination of negative mental and physical symptoms that can be experienced after an episode of alcohol consumption, typically emerging as blood alcohol concentration (BAC) approaches zero. Hangover has been associated with heavy drinking and may be relevant in the transition to alcohol use disorder (AUD). Our aim was to examine hangover prevalence and associated symptoms following intravenous alcohol self-administration (IV-ASA), and to identify possible predictors of hangover in non-dependent drinkers. Ninety-five drinkers without AUD completed an IV-ASA session. Pharmacodynamic measures of alcohol consumption included peak and average breath alcohol concentrations. Subjective measures of alcohol response included the Drug Effects Questionnaire and Biphasic Effects of Alcohol Scale. The Alcohol Hangover Scale assessed hangover symptoms from the end of the session until the following morning. 78% of participants endorsed at least one hangover symptom following IV-ASA. There was no association between hangover scores and IV-ASA measures of alcohol consumption. Additional mediation and moderation analysis revealed that self-reported intoxication was a significant mediator of the relationship between recent drinking and hangover symptoms. Hangover symptoms may be an early marker of the relationship between subjective response to alcohol and heavy drinking for those with no prior history of AUD. In particular, the effects of hangover go beyond exposure to alcohol and the individual's subjective response to this exposure is associated with their experience of hangover. Future studies should further characterize the determinants of hangover across different populations of drinkers to better understand the risk for AUD and inform prevention methods. Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier Ltd.


    Bethany L Stangl, Emily L Vogt, Lauren E Blau, Corbin D Ester, Aruna Gogineni, Nancy Diazgranados, Vatsalya Vatsalya, Vijay A Ramchandani. Pharmacodynamic determinants of hangover: An intravenous alcohol self-administration study in non-dependent drinkers. Addictive behaviors. 2022 Dec;135:107428

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    PMID: 35995014

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