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    Dental zirconia is often marketed and selected for restorative use based upon the biaxial flexural strength of prefabricated specimens (disks) without considering other mechanical and physical properties.The purpose of this in vitro study was to test whether 4-point flexural strength, biaxial flexural strength, and/or hardness may correlate with failure loads for crowns made of different zirconia materials.Three brands of zirconia (BruxZir, Cercon, and Katana) were used to fabricate anatomically contoured crowns, rectangular bars, and circular disks. The sample size was n=15 specimens per zirconia brand and specimen shape. The bars were tested for 4-point flexural strength by using the 4-point bending (4PB) test and Vickers hardness (VH), while the disks were tested for biaxial flexural strength by using a piston-on-3 ball (POB) test. Crowns were attached to resin abutments and compressed with a steel spherical indenter through a polyethylene sheet to assess the failure loads by using the "crunch the crown" (CTC) test. One-way ANOVA (α=.05) was used to test for statistically significant differences between groups, and Weibull analysis was used to assess the variability of the measured flexural strengths, failure load, and hardness.Statistical differences (P<.001) were found in comparing Cercon, BruxZir, and Katana ([4260 N=4186 N]>3195 N, respectively) with the CTC test and (396 MPa>[281 MPa=275 MPa], respectively) the 4PB test. No statistical differences (P=.084) were found among the zirconia brands (Cercon [384 MPa]=Bruxzir [359 MPa]=Katana [416 MPa]) for the POB test. No significant correlations (P>.05) were found between the 4PB, POB, or VH tests and the corresponding CTC test. The Weibull modulus varied for the different specimen geometries.The piston-on-3 ball, 4-point bending, and Vickers hardness test results were not correlated with the corresponding crunch-the-crown test.Copyright © 2022 Editorial Council for The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Tariq F Alghazzawi, Gregg M Janowski, Alan W Eberhardt. An experimental study of flexural strength and hardness of zirconia and their relation to crown failure loads. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. 2022 Aug 19

    PMID: 35995603

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