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    We investigated invasive group A Streptococcus epidemiology in Idaho, USA, during 2008-2019 using surveillance data, medical record review, and emm (M protein gene) typing results. Incidence increased from 1.04 to 4.76 cases/100,000 persons during 2008-2019. emm 1, 12, 28, 11, and 4 were the most common types, and 2 outbreaks were identified. We examined changes in distribution of clinical syndrome, patient demographics, and risk factors by comparing 2008-2013 baseline with 2014-2019 data. Incidence was higher among all age groups during 2014-2019. Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome increased from 0% to 6.4% of cases (p = 0.02). We identified no differences in distribution of demographic or risk factors between periods. Results indicated that invasive group A Streptococcus is increasing among the general population of Idaho. Ongoing surveillance of state-level invasive group A Streptococcus cases could help identify outbreaks, track regional trends in incidence, and monitor circulating emm types.


    Eileen M Dunne, Scott Hutton, Erin Peterson, Anna J Blackstock, Christine G Hahn, Kathryn Turner, Kris K Carter. Increasing Incidence of Invasive Group A Streptococcus Disease, Idaho, USA, 2008-2019. Emerging infectious diseases. 2022 Sep;28(9):1785-1795

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    PMID: 35997313

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