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    Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) can detect iron distribution in the brain by estimating local tissue magnetic susceptibility properties at every voxel. Iron deposition patterns are well studied in typical Alzheimer's disease (tAD), but little is known about these patterns in atypical clinical presentations of AD such as logopenic progressive aphasia (LPA) and posterior cortical atrophy (PCA). Seventeen PCA patients and eight LPA patients were recruited by the Neurodegenerative Research Group at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, and underwent MRI that included a five-echo gradient echo sequence for calculation of QSM. Mean QSM signal was extracted from gray and white matter for regions-of-interest across the brain using the Mayo Clinic Adult Lifespan Template. Bayesian hierarchical models were fit per-region and per-hemisphere to compare PCA, LPA, 63 healthy controls, and 20 tAD patients. Strong evidence (posterior probability > 0.99) was observed for greater susceptibility in the middle occipital gyrus and amygdala in both LPA and PCA, and in the right inferior parietal, inferior temporal, and angular gyri in PCA and the caudate and substantia nigra in LPA compared to controls. Moderate evidence for greater susceptibility (posterior probability > 0.90) was also observed in the inferior occipital gyrus, precuneus, putamen and entorhinal cortex in both LPA and PCA, along with superior frontal gyrus in PCA and inferior temporal gyri, insula and basal ganglia in LPA, when compared to controls. Between phenotypic comparisons, LPA had greater susceptibility in the caudate, hippocampus, and posterior cingulate compared to PCA, while PCA showed greater susceptibility in the right superior frontal and middle temporal gyri compared to LPA. Both LPA and PCA showed moderate and strong evidence for greater susceptibility than tAD, particularly in medial and lateral parietal regions, while tAD showed greater susceptibility in the hippocampus and basal ganglia. This study proposes the possibility of unique iron profiles existing between LPA and PCA within cortical and subcortical structures. These changes match well with the disease-related changes of the clinical phenotypes, suggesting that QSM could be an informative candidate marker to study iron deposition in these patients. Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Neha Atulkumar Singh, Arvin Arani, Jonathan Graff-Radford, Matthew L Senjem, Peter R Martin, Mary M Machulda, Christopher G Schwarz, Yunhong Shu, Petrice M Cogswell, David S Knopman, Ronald C Petersen, Val J Lowe, Clifford R Jack, Keith A Josephs, Jennifer L Whitwell. Distinct brain iron profiles associated with logopenic progressive aphasia and posterior cortical atrophy. NeuroImage. Clinical. 2022;36:103161

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    PMID: 36029670

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