Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • GHITM (3)
  • Interferon (2)
  • IRF5 (10)
  • macrophage (6)
  • mice (2)
  • monocytes (2)
  • oxygen (1)
  • patients (1)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Adipose tissue macrophages (ATM) adapt to changes in their energetic microenvironment. Caloric excess, in a range from transient to diet-induced obesity, could result in the transition of ATMs from highly oxidative and protective to highly inflammatory and metabolically deleterious. Here, we demonstrate that Interferon Regulatory Factor 5 (IRF5) is a key regulator of macrophage oxidative capacity in response to caloric excess. ATMs from mice with genetic-deficiency of Irf5 are characterised by increased oxidative respiration and mitochondrial membrane potential. Transient inhibition of IRF5 activity leads to a similar respiratory phenotype as genomic deletion, and is reversible by reconstitution of IRF5 expression. We find that the highly oxidative nature of Irf5-deficient macrophages results from transcriptional de-repression of the mitochondrial matrix component Growth Hormone Inducible Transmembrane Protein (GHITM) gene. The Irf5-deficiency-associated high oxygen consumption could be alleviated by experimental suppression of Ghitm expression. ATMs and monocytes from patients with obesity or with type-2 diabetes retain the reciprocal regulatory relationship between Irf5 and Ghitm. Thus, our study provides insights into the mechanism of how the inflammatory transcription factor IRF5 controls physiological adaptation to diet-induced obesity via regulating mitochondrial architecture in macrophages. © 2022. The Author(s).


    L Orliaguet, T Ejlalmanesh, A Humbert, R Ballaire, M Diedisheim, J B Julla, D Chokr, J Cuenco, J Michieletto, J Charbit, D Lindén, J Boucher, C Potier, A Hamimi, S Lemoine, C Blugeon, P Legoix, S Lameiras, L G Baudrin, S Baulande, A Soprani, F A Castelli, F Fenaille, J P Riveline, E Dalmas, J Rieusset, J F Gautier, N Venteclef, F Alzaid. Early macrophage response to obesity encompasses Interferon Regulatory Factor 5 regulated mitochondrial architecture remodelling. Nature communications. 2022 Aug 30;13(1):5089

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 36042203

    View Full Text