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    Despite the arousal effect of median nerve stimulation (MNS) being well documented in the clinical treatment of coma patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), the mechanisms underlying the observed effect are still not completely understood. This study aimed to evaluate the protective effects and potential mechanism of MNS in comatose rats with TBI. A total of 60 rats were randomly divided into 5 groups: the control group, sham-stimulated group, MNS group, orexins receptor type 1 (OX1R) antagonist group, and antagonist control group. The free-fall drop method was used to establish a TBI model. After administrating MNS or OX1R antagonist, consciousness was evaluated. Protein levels in the prefrontal cortex were measured using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blotting, and immunofluorescence. In the MNS group, tissue damage and consciousness state was markedly improved compared with that in the sham-stimulated group. Administration of the OX1R antagonist attenuated the beneficial effects of MNS in TBI-induced comatose rats. Additionally, MNS also significantly enhanced the expression of orexin-A/OX1R and the activation of Ras guanine nucleotide-releasing factor 1 (RasGRF1). These data show that MNS exerts its wake-promoting effect by activating the OX1R-RasGRF1 pathway in TBI-induced comatose rats. Copyright © 2022. Published by Elsevier Inc.


    Qing Du, Lianghua Huang, Yunliang Tang, Junwei Kang, Wen Ye, Zhen Feng. Median Nerve Stimulation Attenuates Traumatic Brain Injury-Induced Comatose State by Regulating the Orexin-A/RasGRF1 Signaling Pathway. World neurosurgery. 2022 Dec;168:e19-e27

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    PMID: 36064116

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