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Ginkgo biloba seed exocarp contains a variety of bioactive components, such as polysaccharides, flavonoids, terpenoid trilactones, and ginkgolic acids, which have a high value of utilization. However, Ginkgo biloba seed exocarp is always treated as waste of ginkgo seeds processing. To maximize the utilization of Ginkgo biloba seed exocarp, it is necessary to deliberate and arouse researchers' attention. This review demonstrated the extraction method, purification method, and determination method of bioactive components in Ginkgo biloba seed exocarp and summarized its composition and bioactivities. Moreover, the future study of Ginkgo biloba seed exocarp resource is prospected, hoping to provide a theoretical basis and direction for its further development and utilization. Copyright © 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Huimin Wang, Manman Shi, Fuliang Cao, Erzheng Su. Ginkgo biloba seed exocarp: A waste resource with abundant active substances and other components for potential applications. Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.). 2022 Oct;160:111637

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PMID: 36076439

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