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Cellular angiofibroma (CAF), a rare benign mesenchymal tumor, is histologically characterized by abundant thick-walled vessels with a spindle cell component. As one of the female reproductive system tumors, its clinical and pathological features are not well characterized. A 47-year-old woman presented for the removal of intrauterine device on October 28, 2021, as she had achieved menopause one year back. The patient had no discomfort or awareness of any mass in her vagina. She has history of breast cancer and papillary thyroid cancer. Till date, no progression of thyroid cancer or breast cancer has been observed. Her menstrual cycle was regular, and she had one child delivered vaginally. Pelvic examination revealed a mass sized 2.5 × 2.0 cm located near the fornix in the upper segment of the left vaginal wall. Thin prep cytologic test (TCT) revealed negative intraepithelial lesion or malignancy (NILM). HPV test was negative and leucorrhea routine inspection cleanliness II degree. No cervical mass was detected by ultrasound examination. The patients underwent the operation for intrauterine device removal plus vaginal tumor resection on November 1, 2021. Postoperative antibiotics (intravenous cefuroxime sodium 0.75 g bid for 1 day) were administered to prevent infection. The patient showed no signs of recurrence at one-month follow-up. In summary, CAF is a rare benign soft tissue tumor. Surgery is the only treatment method, and the definitive diagnosis of CAF is based on histopathological examination of surgical specimen. Long-term follow-up is needed for surveillance of recurrence. Copyright © 2022 the Author(s). Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.


Xia-Qin Cai, Xi-Gang Ye, Ya-Zhen Zhang, Zeng-Li Shen, Ke Hong, Shu-Zhi Zhang. Cellular angiofibroma of the vagina: A case report and literature review. Medicine. 2022 Sep 02;101(35):e30293

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PMID: 36107545

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