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    A single assay to assess the effect of the direct FXa inhibitor is needed clinically because prothrombin (PT) assay is not yet sensitive enough for accurate evaluation. We developed modified diluted prothrombin time (mdPT) assay showing a high reactivity to direct FXa inhibitors based on prothrombin time (PT) reagent. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the reactivity of mdPT to direct FXa inhibitors comparing to that of commercial PT reagents and diluted prothrombin time (dPT). The correlation and slopes of mdPT against the drug concentrations by anti-Xa assay were compared to those of the four commercial reagents of PT or dPT in 275, 257, and 243 clinical samples collected from non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients who are prescribed apixaban, edoxaban or rivaroxaban for stroke prevention, respectively. The correlation coefficient (95% confidence interval) of mdPT against apixaban, edoxaban, and rivaroxaban was 0.818 (0.775-0.854), 0.914 (0.892-0.932), and 0.814 (0.766-0.852), respectively. The slope (95% confidence interval) of mdPT for apixaban, edoxaban, and rivaroxaban was 0.0068 (0.0063-0.0075), 0.0076 (0.0072-0.0080), and 0.0072 (0.0065-0.0078), respectively, which were higher than that of four commercial PT and dPT reagents, ranging within 0.0006-0.0023, 0.0017-0.0038, and 0.0016-0.0057 (all, p < 0.001), respectively. Compared with other PT and dPT reagents, mdPT reagent showed sharper slope to all direct FXa inhibitors, and higher correlation to apixaban and comparable correlation to edoxaban and rivaroxaban. This new reagent is expected to be a coagulation screening assay having a consistently high response to any types of direct FXa inhibitors. © 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


    Osamu Kumano, Shinya Suzuki, Masako Yamazaki, Yoshimori An, Masahiro Yasaka, Masahiro Ieko, Japanese study group for the assessment of direct oral anticoagulants. Evaluation of newly-developed modified diluted prothrombin time reagent in non-valvular atrial fibrillation patients with direct oral anticoagulants: A comparative study with conventional reagents. International journal of laboratory hematology. 2023 Feb;45(1):119-125

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    PMID: 36114152

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